Astronomy Guide November 2022



Dear Stargazer Friends,

I hope you have been well. It’s been a while since I last sent out my monthly Astronomy Guide but finally here it is for upcoming November.

After the partial Solar eclipse of 25 October, there will be a total Lunar eclipse on 8 November. It will not be visible from Europe but our friends from North and South America, Australia and parts of Asia will be able to observe it. 

With the Meteor Showers Southern and Northern Taurids active simultaneously until 2 December 2022, there is a possibility of notable increase in fireball activity. Plus 2022 could be a year with remarkable activity. The Southern Taurids will peak from 4-5 November, while the Northern Taurids will peak from 11-12 November 2022. Only downside is the Moon who will be lit at 87% or 87% respectively. Next it’s the Geminids – usually the strongest meteor shower of the year – active season starting 19 November.

Mars is currently in “retrograde motion” and will reach opposition on 8 December. It will become brighter and brighter all November, reaching a magnitude of approx. -1.9 once it has reached opposition. A beautiful sight will be Mars and the Waning Moon appearing nearby on 11 November 2022. Jupiter will remain visible throughout November, setting earlier and earlier. Saturn becomes an “evening Planet” and will set at 22:12 on 30 November. We’ll have to wait till January 2023 to see Venus again when the Planet will become an early evening object right after sunset. Don’t miss the Moon appearing close to the Pleiades on 9 November.

It’s still a great month to observe and take pictures of our neighboring Andromeda Galaxy as well as the Triangulum Galaxy. At the same time, the constellations of Cassiopeia and Pegasus have plenty of interesting objects to be discovered. Read on to learn more. 

Clear skies & best wishes.

Isa 

Double cluster NGC 869 and NGC 884 aka h Persei and χ Persei

Moon phases November 2022

Times CET

PhaseDate
First Quarter01 Nov, 07:37
Full Moon (Beaver Moon; and total Lunar Eclipse visible from North America, South America, Australia and parts of Asia)08 Nov, 12:02
Third Quarter16 Nov, 14:27
New Moon23 Nov, 23:57

Meteor Showers

Southern Taurids28 Sept – 2 Dec 2022Rich in fireballs; Parent Comet: 2P/EnckeNext Peak: 4-5 Nov 2022. The Moon will be 87% full. 
Northern Taurids13 Oct – 2 Dec 2022Rich in fireballs, like the Southern Taurids. When the two showers are active simultaneously, there can be a notable increase in fireball activity. According to American Meteor Society, “There seems to be a seven year periodicity with these fireballs. 2008 and 2015 both produced remarkable fireball activity. 2022 may be the next opportunity.” Parent Object: 2P/Encke Next Peak: 11-12 Nov 2022. The Moon will be 88% full.
Geminids19 Nov – 24 Dec 2022Usually the strongest meteor shower of the year – weather permitting! The meteors are also visible in the southern hemisphere at a reduced rate.  Peak: 13-14 Dec 2022, the Moon will be 72% full. Parent object is quite “a mystery”. It seems to be Asteroid 3200 Phaethon. The Geminids are thus the only meteor shower to have an asteroidal parent body (all other meteor showers have a cometary origin). More information on NASA’s “Asteroid Phaethon” Site https://www.nasa.gov/centers/marshall/news/lunar/phaethon.html 

Source: American Meteor Society 

Planets

For your local times check https://in-the-sky.org

Mercury is not observable in November.

Venus will not be observable till January 2023 when it will appear as an early evening object (W).

Mars currently appears in the constellation of Taurus and is visible all night. It is in “retrograde motion” an appears to change direction and move east to west (usually it appears to move west-east). “It’s an illusion, caused by the ways that Earth and Mars orbit the sun. … About every 26 months, Earth comes up from behind and overtakes Mars.” You can observe this “retrograde motion” by comparing the changing distances between Mars and Beta Tauri (Alnath). Mars will reach opposition, i.e. it will be opposite the Sun, on 8 December 2022 and by then the Planet will have an approx. magnitude of -1.9.

It can be observed near the Waning Moon on 11 Nov 2022.

Source: NASA Science Mars Exploration Program 

Jupiter is currently in Pisces and has reached opposition on 26 September 2022 with a magnitude -2.9. It was also its closest approach to Earth since 1963. It will remain bright all November with a magnitude of -2.8 in early November and -2.6 by 30 Nov. Will set at 03:42 on 1 Nov and at 01:43 on 30 Nov. 

Saturn still appears in the constellation of Capricornus. It will set earlier and earlier as the month progresses (at 00:00 on 1 Nov, at 22:12 on 30 Nov) and its magnitude is diminishing slightly.

Uranus remains visible all night in the Constellation of Aries and will reach opposition on 9 November. On 8 November, the Waning Gibbous Moon will appear close to Uranus.

Neptune appears in the constellation of Aquarius during the first part of the night. 

Phenomena not to miss in November

November is the ideal month to observe the Andromeda Galaxy (Messier 31) and the “nearby” Triangulum Galaxy (Messier 33). Another interesting Galaxy is Cetus A or Messier 77 in the constellation of Cetus. The constellation of Cassiopeia is not only rich in nebulae such as the Heart Nebula and the Soul Nebula, but also in open star clusters such as for example Messier 103 (mag 7.4) and “Caroline’s Rose Cluster” (NGC 7789) (mag 6.8). In the SW, look out for Messier 15 (Great Pegasus Cluster) at mag 6.5) 

01Saturn 4.2°N of Moon at 22:08
04Jupiter 2.4°N of Moon at 21:19
05S Taurid Meteor Shower
08Total Lunar Eclipse; (not visible from Europe; visible in North- and South America, full duration from Northwest USA, Western Canada, Alaska, Japan and North-East Asia)
09Pleiades 2.7°N of Moon
11Mars 2.5°S of Moon
12N Taurid Meteor Shower
18Leonid Meteor Shower at 01:00
21Spica 4.3°S of Moon at 04:36
Soul Nebula IC 1848 Ha 1×900″ 8×600″ 2×120″

Bright double stars

All tables for 15 Nov 2022 at around Midnight

NameMag.RiseTransitElev.SetSep.
Polaris1.9523h50m+47°36’11.71″+0°00’00.17″
Mirfak1.750h16m+87°00’27.96″+0°02’43.98″
Aldebaran0.8518h09m1h28m+59°36’58.29″8h47m+0°00’31.02″
Capella0.052h09m+89°03’58.27″+0°00’00.05″
Bellatrix1.6019h45m2h17m+49°26’10.06″8h49m+0°02’58.00″
Elnath1.6517h49m2h18m+71°40’58.96″10h47m+0°00’33.40″
Alnilam1.6520h29m2h28m+41°52’58.28″8h27m+0°02’59.34″
Alnitak1.8520h36m2h32m+41°08’24.77″8h28m+0°00’02.36″
Betelgeuse0.4520h10m2h47m+50°28’35.60″9h23m+0°00’00.06″
Menkalinan1.902h52m+87°59’45.61″+0°00’00.00″
Mirzam1.9522h31m3h14m+25°07’11.90″7h58m+0°03’06.64″
Alhena1.9020h12m3h30m+59°26’26.44″10h48m+0°00’00.38″
Sirius-1.4522h48m3h37m+26°20’15.04″8h26m+0°00’10.67″
Adhara1.500h11m3h50m+14°06’48.39″7h30m+0°00’07.86″
Castor1.9019h34m4h27m+74°53’31.08″13h20m+0°00’05.24″
Procyon0.4022h05m4h31m+48°13’57.34″10h58m+0°00’03.80″
Pollux1.1520h13m4h38m+71°01’34.15″13h02m+0°00’39.82″
Regulus1.350h04m7h01m+54°55’02.86″13h57m+0°02’55.10″
Dubhe2.007h57m+75°19’04.69″+0°00’00.68″
Alioth1.759h47m+81°06’01.07″+0°00’00.11″
Vega0.005h19m15h26m+81°51’23.45″1h34m+0°01’22.13″
Deneb1.2517h31m+88°23’05.60″+0°01’15.55″
Source: Stellarium.org

Bright nebulae

NameMag.RiseTransitElev.Set
M 45 (Pleiades)1.2016h38m0h39m+67°14’46.21″8h39m
NGC 1432 (Maia Nebula)3.8816h37m0h38m+67°19’46.55″8h38m
NGC 1435 (Merope Nebula)4.1816h38m0h38m+67°01’46.92″8h37m
M 42 (Great Orion Nebula)4.0020h46m2h27m+37°41’49.81″8h08m
NGC 7000 (North America Nebula)4.0017h49m+87°27’00.00″
IC 4484.4820h50m3h26m+50°20’52.69″10h02m
IC 1396 (Elephant’s Trunk Nebula)3.5018h29m+79°21’17.27″
LDN 11215.0018h31m+78°34’34.85″
vdB 154.580h21m+77°58’24.28″
vdB 144.230h21m+76°56’00.69″
vdB 203.7116h36m0h36m+67°14’36.49″8h37m
vdB 232.8716h39m0h39m+67°14’02.71″8h39m
vdB 304.301h47m+70°34’27.49″
vdB 494.5020h09m2h31m+47°12’05.14″8h53m
vdB 1344.9517h20m+87°54’10.83″
vdB 1514.498h40m19h04m+82°52’09.48″5h29m
vdB 1563.628h03m19h52m+85°28’43.62″7h42m
Ced 18b3.9415h38m0h36m+75°24’41.51″9h34m
Ced 19e4.3716h34m0h37m+67°36’40.84″8h39m
Ced 19o (Atlas Nebula)3.8016h41m0h41m+67°11’06.73″8h41m
Ced 451.7019h45m2h17m+49°26’37.96″8h49m
Ced 55r (Orion Loop Nebula)1.9120h24m2h37m+45°07’12.08″8h50m
Ced 84a4.6820h53m3h32m+51°12’11.00″10h12m
Ced 84c4.6820h50m3h37m+52°49’13.95″10h24m
Ced 954.400h05m4h10m+18°05’40.78″8h15m
Ced 1004.800h05m4h22m+20°01’29.94″8h38m
Ced 176a2.326h33m16h59m+82°54’26.46″3h24m
Ced 1774.827h16m16h59m+79°57’39.40″2h42m
Ced 176b2.327h26m18h03m+83°30’58.36″4h40m
Source: Stellarium.org

Herschel 400 Objects

NameMag.RiseTransitElev.Set
NGC 1980 (The Lost Jewel of Orion)2.5020h48m2h27m+37°10’25.04″8h06m
NGC 869 (Double Cluster)3.8023h11m+79°42’15.51″
NGC 884 (Double Cluster)3.8023h14m+79°42’29.51″
NGC 2232 (Double Wedge Cluster)3.9021h35m3h19m+38°18’03.87″9h03m
NGC 2264 (Christmas Tree Cluster)3.9020h45m3h33m+52°56’16.35″10h20m
NGC 7000 (North America Nebula)4.0017h49m+87°27’00.02″
NGC 2362 (τ CMa Cluster)4.100h05m4h10m+18°06’19.83″8h16m
M 474.4023h29m4h28m+28°32’54.54″9h28m
NGC 2244 (Rosette Nebula)4.8020h58m3h24m+47°59’32.42″9h49m
NGC 2281 (Broken Heart Cluster)5.4016h51m3h41m+84°06’11.50″14h31m
NGC 76865.6020h20m+87°36’45.26″
NGC 7525.7012h54m22h49m+80°55’39.07″8h44m
M 33 (Triangulum Galaxy)5.7213h40m22h25m+73°49’12.05″7h10m
M 485.8023h27m5h06m+37°15’16.20″10h45m
NGC 2169 (The 37 Cluster)5.9019h54m3h00m+57°02’56.56″10h07m
NGC 2301 (Hagrid’s Dragon Cluster)6.0021h37m3h44m+43°30’07.47″9h50m
NGC 7160 (Swimming Alligator Cluster)6.1018h44m+74°14’25.91″
NGC 1545 (m & m Double Cluster)6.201h13m+86°38’30.04″
NGC 6940 (Mothra Cluster)6.308h57m17h24m+71°24’53.76″1h52m
NGC 457 (Dragonfly Cluster)6.4022h11m+78°32’06.40″
NGC 1528 (m & m Double Cluster)6.401h07m+85°40’38.55″
NGC 1647 (Pirate Moon Cluster)6.4018h05m1h38m+62°13’01.02″9h10m
NGC 72436.4019h05m+86°54’58.01″
NGC 1296.5021h21m+76°36’06.81″
NGC 654 (Fuzzy Butterfly Cluster)6.5022h35m+74°56’45.60″
NGC 23546.500h05m4h06m+17°22’30.22″8h07m
NGC 2539 (The Dish Cluster)6.5023h55m5h03m+30°11’41.02″10h10m
NGC 14446.600h41m+84°14’26.27″
NGC 10276.7023h35m+75°12’48.74″
NGC 1342 (Little Scorpion Cluster)6.7014h34m0h23m+80°30’31.67″10h13m
NGC 21296.7018h58m2h53m+66°22’53.07″10h48m
NGC 2343 (Doublemint Cluster)6.7022h42m4h00m+32°25’30.00″9h18m
NGC 24236.7023h26m4h29m+29°09’30.47″9h32m
NGC 7789 (Caroline’s Rose Cluster)6.7020h48m+80°06’27.73″
NGC 1502 (Jolly Roger Cluster)6.901h00m+74°33’37.20″
NGC 225 (Sailboat Cluster)7.0021h35m+75°02’49.99″
NGC 18577.0015h56m2h12m+82°21’59.29″12h28m
Source: Stellarium.org

Messier Objects

NameMag.RiseTransitElev.Set
M 45 (Pleiades)1.2016h40m0h41m+67°14’28.30″8h41m
M 7 (Ptolemy’s Cluster)3.3011h52m14h46m+8°21’24.31″17h40m
M 31 (Andromeda Galaxy)3.4410h37m21h36m+84°21’55.56″8h35m
M 6 (Butterfly Cluster)4.2011h17m14h33m+10°52’00.13″17h48m
M 394.6018h24m+88°15’40.95″
M 24 (Small Sagittarius Star Cloud)4.6010h29m15h09m+24°32’30.86″19h49m
M 254.6010h47m15h24m+23°59’01.89″20h02m
M 22 (Great Sagittarius Cluster)5.1011h17m15h29m+19°12’31.75″19h40m
M 34 (Spiral Cluster)5.2023h36m+85°46’39.40″
M 235.5010h11m14h49m+24°05’49.54″19h27m
M 33 (Triangulum Galaxy)5.7213h42m22h27m+73°47’48.91″7h12m
M 13 (Great Star Cluster in Hercules)5.803h56m13h33m+79°27’39.27″23h10m
M 21 (Webb’s Cross)5.9010h37m14h56m+20°36’10.58″19h16m
M 8 (Lagoon Nebula)6.0010h47m14h56m+18°43’09.67″19h05m
M 36 (Pinwheel Cluster)6.0017h17m2h31m+77°11’51.83″11h44m
M 16 (Eagle Nebula)6.0010h08m15h11m+29°16’44.65″20h14m
M 17 (Omega Nebula)6.0010h21m15h13m+26°55’05.91″20h05m
M 71 (Angelfish Cluster)6.109h15m16h46m+61°53’17.65″0h17m
M 36.202h07m10h33m+71°19’03.46″19h00m
M 20 (Trifid Nebula)6.3010h38m14h55m+20°07’16.54″19h12m
M 11 (Wild Duck Cluster)6.3010h06m15h43m+36°49’30.76″21h21m
M 15 (Pegasus Cluster)6.3011h24m18h22m+55°19’04.29″1h21m
M 26.3012h25m18h26m+42°20’16.45″0h27m
M 38 (Starfish Cluster)6.4016h52m2h23m+78°54’54.50″11h54m
M 106.408h03m13h49m+38°55’58.89″19h36m
M 926.4014h09m+86°07’50.41″
M 29 (Cooling Tower Cluster)6.607h11m17h16m+81°37’11.10″3h21m
M 5 (Rose Cluster)6.655h57m12h10m+45°03’51.39″18h23m
M 18 (Black Swan Cluster)6.9010h25m15h12m+25°59’21.34″20h00m
M 52 (Cassiopeia Salt-and-Pepper Cluster)6.9020h18m+75°13’07.55″
M 81 (Bode’s Galaxy)6.946h47m+67°59’47.83″
M 62 (Flickering Globular Cluster)7.3910h22m13h53m+12°58’24.96″17h25m
M 1037.4022h27m+76°09’43.92″
M 27 (Dumbbell Nebula)7.409h00m16h52m+65°49’48.06″0h44m
M 55 (Specter Cluster)7.4213h06m16h33m+12°12’32.02″19h59m
M 197.479h58m13h55m+16°48’09.88″17h52m
M 287.6611h11m15h17m+18°14’24.32″19h23m
M 12 (Gumball Globular Cluster)7.687h43m13h39m+41°04’41.28″19h35m
M 537.702h37m10h04m+61°06’26.97″17h31m
M 547.7012h18m15h47m+12°40’06.18″19h17m
M 30 (Jellyfish Cluster)7.7014h17m18h33m+20°00’46.22″22h49m
M 101 (Pinwheel Galaxy)7.8610h54m+82°42’17.57″
M 807.878h53m13h09m+20°03’44.95″17h25m
M 268.0010h14m15h38m+33°42’43.65″21h01m
M 1108.0710h21m21h34m+84°46’35.88″8h46m
M 328.0810h47m21h36m+83°58’00.91″8h24m
M 51 (Whirlpool Galaxy)8.1010h21m+89°41’39.20″
M 94 (Croc’s Eye Galaxy)8.2422h53m9h42m+84°02’42.84″20h31m
M 698.3112h09m15h24m+10°47’58.34″18h39m
M 148.328h39m14h30m+39°48’28.38″20h20m
M 568.407h28m16h09m+73°15’58.78″0h49m
M 82 (Cigar Galaxy)8.416h47m+67°22’57.03″
M 1068.419h10m+89°41’17.99″
M 98.429h31m14h11m+24°32’41.60″18h52m
M 64 (Black Eye Galaxy)8.522h03m9h48m+64°37’06.05″17h33m
M 63 (Sunflower Galaxy)8.5922h51m10h07m+84°57’19.90″21h23m
M 57 (Ring Nebula)8.806h42m15h45m+76°05’52.22″0h49m
M 107 (The Crucifix Cluster)8.858h18m13h24m+29°58’32.64″18h31m
M 738.9012h42m17h52m+30°31’50.21″23h01m
Source: Stellarium.org

Other Sources:

Ciel&Espace, Octobre/Novembre 2022 N°585
Keller Hans-Ulrich, Kosmos Himmels-Jahr 2022
Sky Event Almanacs Courtesy of Fred Espenak

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