Astronomy Guide July 2022



Dear Stargazer Friends,

I hope you have been well. As in May and June, we’ll have another Supermoon coming up on 13 July 2022 – the “Buck Moon”.

All “summer constellations” are visible at 23:00 CET, including the imaginary “summer triangle” Vega (in Lyra), Daneb (in Cygnus) and Altair (in Aquila). July is also an ideal time to observe the Great Globular Cluster in Hercules, Messier 13 in detail. And the Milky Way is now well visible from Scorpius and Sagittarius in the South all the way to Cassiopeia in the Northeast.

July marks also the beginning of the Perseid meteor shower (17 July – 24 August 2022) and there are the Delta Aquariids as well as the Alpha Capricornid active at around the same time. 

Towards the end of the month, the Pleiades (Messier 45), the famous open star cluster in the constellation of Taurus, will appear again in the pre-dawn sky.

Have a nice summer.

Clears skies!
Isa

Moon phases July 2022

PhaseDate
First Quarter07 July, 04:14
Full Moon (“Buck Moon”) – a supermoon13 July, 20:37
Third Quarter20 July, 16:18
New Moon28 July, 19:54
Times CET

Meteor Showers

Delta Aquariids
12 July – 19 August
Predicted peak on 29/30 July mid-evening to dawn. Just after the New Moon. 
α-Capricornid
2 July – 14 August
Peak around 28/29 July. Known for producing fireballs. Parent comet is 45P/Honda–Mrkos–Pajdušáková.
Perseids
17 July – 24 August
Peak rate of meteors around 13 August (Full Moon on 12 August!). Parent body has been identified as comet 109P/Swift-Tuttle.

Planets

Planet Jupiter with moons, 20 June 2022

For your local times check In-the-Sky (ephemeris)

Venus is visible all month (constellation of Taurus till 16 July, Orion from 17-18 July, constellation of Gemini from 19 July) and will rise earlier as the month progresses. It’s phase (variation of lighting) will reach >90%. For more information on “SEE THE PHASES OF VENUS” visit this article on Sky&Telescope.

Mars is in Pisces till 8 July and will then move appear in Aries. It will be observable during the second part of the night. On the night from 21-22 July the Waning Moon will appear 4.2° north of Mars. From 30 July till 3 August Mars will appear 1.4°S of Uranus.

Jupiter will rise before midnight starting 20 July. However, in Switzerland it will become visible before midnight only beginning of August. Jupiter is in the constellation of Cetus all July. 

Saturn continues to appear in the constellation of Capricornus. It rises before midnight and – in Switzerland – will become visible before midnight on 16 July. It will reach it’s maximum Phase on 21 July and will continue to become brighter (approx. Mag. 0.6 on 1 July, 0.4 on 31 July)

Uranus can be observed starting 13 July in the dawn sky. Switzerland: from 04:03 until 04:06 on 13 July and from 02:53 until 04:35 on 31 July). Constellation of Aries.

Neptune will be visible in the constellation of Pisces during the second part of the night. It will rise earlier and earlier as the month progresses.

Phenomena not to miss in July

M13 in the constellation of Hercules

All “summer constellations” are visible at 23:00 CET, including the imaginary “summer triangle” Vega (in Lyra), Daneb (in Cygnus) and Altair (in Aquila). The constellations of Boötes and Virgo are already in the West at that time. Red supergiant Antares (constellation of Scorpius) is dominating the southern sky above the horizon. Messier 4, a globular cluster in Scorpius is Earth’s closest globular cluster at a distance of 6’000 light years away.

The constellation of Hercules is now at the celestial meridian (S) almost at zenith. July is therefore ideal to observe the Great Globular Cluster in Hercules, Messier 13 in detail. The Milky Way is now well visible from the constellations of Scorpius and Sagittarius (S) towards Aquila (SE), Cygnus (E) and Cassiopeia (NE).

Towards the end of the month, the Pleiades (Messier 45), the famous open star cluster in the constellation of Taurus, will appear again in the pre-dawn sky.

Bright stars

NameMag.RiseTransitElev.Set
Vega0.0014h29m0h36m+81°51’30.67″10h44m
Capella0.0511h19m+88°55’16.91″
Arcturus0.1512h43m20h15m+62°07’19.21″3h47m
Altair0.7519h08m1h51m+51°59’32.31″8h34m
Antares1.0518h33m22h29m+16°37’21.13″2h25m
Fomalhaut1.151h22m4h58m+13°36’50.46″8h35m
Deneb1.252h41m+88°24’39.06″
Shaula1.6021h03m23h34m+6°04’06.65″2h05m
Mirfak1.759h26m+86°58’43.56″
Alioth1.7518h53m+81°06’27.38″
Kaus Australis1.7521h26m0h24m+8°46’46.31″3h22m
Alkaid1.8519h46m+87°43’17.58″
Menkalinan1.9012h02m+87°54’52.03″
Polaris1.959h00m+47°36’17.17″
Hamal2.000h12m8h08m+66°37’23.88″16h05m
Dubhe2.0017h03m+75°19’11.42″
Alpheratz2.0521h36m6h09m+72°16’06.11″14h42m
Mirach2.0521h41m7h11m+78°47’18.65″16h40m
Algol2.0522h20m9h10m+84°04’40.40″20h00m
Kochab2.0520h49m+62°53’32.43″
Rasalhague2.0516h35m23h35m+55°36’00.65″6h34m
Nunki2.0520h58m0h56m+16°50’14.22″4h53m
Navi2.156h58m+76°06’44.27″
Almach2.1520h17m8h05m+85°28’26.31″19h54m
Shedar2.206h42m+80°17’15.96″
Mizar2.2019h23m+82°08’08.40″
Alphecca2.2013h18m21h34m+69°41’27.39″5h50m
Eltanin2.2023h56m+85°25’48.47″
Sadr2.2015h48m2h22m+83°22’53.32″12h56m
Caph2.256h10m+77°40’18.15″
Larawag2.2519h52m22h50m+8°48’55.31″1h48m
Merak2.3017h01m+80°41’11.84″
Dschubba2.3517h42m22h00m+20°24’29.97″2h18m
Mula2.3521h35m23h43m+4°11’39.46″1h50m
Enif2.3520h57m3h45m+53°02’29.18″10h33m
Phecda2.4017h53m+83°22’31.54″
Scheat2.4020h38m5h04m+71°15’36.45″13h31m
Sabik2.4518h16m23h10m+27°19’39.27″4h04m
Aljanah2.4517h34m2h46m+77°06’33.45″11h59m
Alderamin2.453h18m+74°16’26.19″
Markab2.4521h52m5h05m+58°23’12.09″12h18m
Izar2.5012h26m20h44m+70°01’57.77″5h02m
Saik2.5017h19m22h37m+32°27’43.73″3h55m
Sheratan2.600h14m7h56m+63°58’25.85″15h38m
Zubeneschamali2.6015h53m21h16m+33°36’32.84″2h40m
Unukalhai2.6015h12m21h44m+49°25’03.23″4h16m
Acrab2.6017h32m22h05m+23°13’16.57″2h39m
Ruchbah2.657h27m+76°35’45.74″
Muphrid2.6512h26m19h54m+61°20’40.03″3h22m
Yed Prior2.7016h26m22h14m+39°19’01.64″4h02m
Athebyne2.7022h23m+75°29’02.32″
Lesath2.7021h02m23h31m+5°52’43.56″2h00m
Kaus Media2.7020h47m0h21m+13°18’07.31″3h55m
Tarazed2.7018h55m1h46m+53°43’54.49″8h37m
Zubenelgenubi II2.7515h58m20h50m+26°56’52.59″1h43m
Kornephoros2.7514h45m22h30m+64°29’38.08″6h14m
Rastaban2.7523h30m+84°38’22.95″
Cebalrai2.7517h19m23h43m+47°37’08.76″6h07m
Algenib2.8023h01m6h14m+58°22’05.46″13h27m
Atik2.801h02m9h56m+74°59’47.89″18h50m
Paikauhale2.8018h51m22h36m+14°50’54.11″2h20m
Kaus Borealis2.8020h25m0h28m+17°41’38.83″4h31m
Cor Caroli2.858h56m18h55m+81°14’47.50″4h54m
Vindemiatrix2.8512h09m19h01m+53°54’05.70″1h53m
Fang2.8518h01m21h59m+16°55’30.23″1h57m
ζ Her2.8513h50m22h41m+74°36’27.24″7h32m
Albaldah2.8520h42m1h10m+22°06’17.27″5h38m
Deneb Algedi2.8522h55m3h48m+27°03’32.24″8h40m
γ Per2.909h07m+83°20’42.88″
ε Per2.9023h31m10h00m+83°06’36.00″20h29m
Sadalsuud2.9021h51m3h32m+37°36’01.42″9h13m
Matar2.9020h02m4h44m+73°23’36.96″13h25m
Girtab2.9521h56m23h48m+3°08’31.63″1h40m
Alnasl2.9520h36m0h06m+12°41’59.24″3h36m
Okab2.9517h59m1h05m+56°57’33.66″8h11m
Sadalmelik2.9522h03m4h06m+42°51’28.98″10h10m
Mizan3.0022h48m8h11m+78°08’28.01″17h34m
Almaaz3.0011h04m+86°51’37.76″
ψ UMa3.0017h08m+87°25’18.72″
Seginus3.0010h32m20h31m+81°15’16.67″6h30m
Pherkad3.0021h19m+65°12’02.60″
Aldhanab3.001h25m3h55m+5°56’02.10″6h24m
On 15 July 2022 – Source: Stellarium.org

Messier Objects

NameMag.RiseTransitElev.Set
M 40 (Winnecke 4)9.6518h21m+78°59’22.43″
M 1037.407h35m+76°11’05.25″
M 34 (Spiral Cluster)5.208h44m+85°53’21.42″
M 81 (Bode’s Galaxy)6.9415h55m+67°59’42.34″
M 82 (Cigar Galaxy)8.4115h55m+67°22’51.59″
M 97 (Owl Nebula)9.9017h14m+82°03’02.21″
M 1068.4118h18m+89°38’54.79″
M 51 (Whirlpool Galaxy)8.1019h29m+89°38’38.66″
M 101 (Pinwheel Galaxy)7.8620h02m+82°42’03.97″
M 102 (Spindle Galaxy)9.8921h05m+81°15’54.77″
M 926.4023h16m+86°07’24.78″
M 394.603h32m+88°24’49.06″
M 52 (Cassiopeia Salt-and-Pepper Cluster)6.905h25m+75°14’09.24″
M 74 (Phantom Galaxy)9.390h22m7h38m+58°57’23.27″14h54m
M 63 (Sunflower Galaxy)8.597h59m19h15m+84°57’13.97″6h31m
M 94 (Croc’s Eye Galaxy)8.248h01m18h50m+84°02’39.58″5h38m
M 8510.0010h58m18h24m+61°07’36.55″1h51m
M 100 (Blowdryer Galaxy)9.3511h07m18h22m+58°45’32.55″1h37m
M 64 (Black Eye Galaxy)8.5211h10m18h56m+64°37’09.48″2h41m
M 36.2011h15m19h41m+71°19’05.30″4h08m
M 909.5411h34m18h36m+56°06’05.27″1h38m
M 537.7011h45m19h12m+61°06’30.50″2h39m
M 609.8011h48m18h43m+54°29’32.96″1h37m
M 13 (Great Star Cluster in Hercules)5.8013h04m22h41m+79°27’31.68″8h18m
M 5 (Rose Cluster)6.6515h05m21h18m+45°03’53.35″3h31m
M 57 (Ring Nebula)8.8015h50m0h53m+76°06’45.45″9h57m
M 29 (Cooling Tower Cluster)6.6016h19m2h24m+81°38’56.74″12h29m
M 568.4016h36m1h16m+73°16’47.56″9h57m
M 12 (Gumball Globular Cluster)7.6816h51m22h47m+41°04’40.89″4h43m
M 106.4017h10m22h57m+38°55’58.30″4h43m
M 107 (The Crucifix Cluster)8.8517h26m22h32m+29°58’33.20″3h39m
M 148.3217h47m23h37m+39°48’26.43″5h28m
M 807.8718h00m22h17m+20°03’46.28″2h33m
M 27 (Dumbbell Nebula)7.4018h07m2h00m+65°50’28.35″9h52m
M 71 (Angelfish Cluster)6.1018h23m1h54m+61°53’52.88″9h24m
M 4 (Crab Globular Cluster)5.9018h28m22h23m+16°31’35.26″2h19m
M 98.4218h39m23h19m+24°32’40.92″3h59m
M 197.4719h05m23h03m+16°48’09.99″3h00m
M 11 (Wild Duck Cluster)6.3019h14m0h51m+36°49’49.27″6h28m
M 16 (Eagle Nebula)6.0019h15m0h19m+29°17’00.20″5h22m
M 235.5019h19m23h57m+24°05’47.67″4h35m
M 268.0019h22m0h45m+33°43’01.11″6h09m
M 1108.0719h29m6h41m+84°51’08.92″17h54m
M 62 (Flickering Globular Cluster)7.3919h29m23h01m+12°58’25.23″2h33m
M 17 (Omega Nebula)6.0019h29m0h21m+26°55’21.02″5h13m
M 18 (Black Swan Cluster)6.9019h32m0h20m+25°59’36.24″5h08m
M 24 (Small Sagittarius Star Cloud)4.6019h37m0h17m+24°32’45.38″4h57m
M 31 (Andromeda Galaxy)3.4419h45m6h44m+84°26’10.69″17h43m
M 21 (Webb’s Cross)5.9019h45m0h04m+20°36’24.05″4h24m
M 20 (Trifid Nebula)6.3019h46m0h03m+20°07’29.89″4h20m
M 254.6019h54m0h32m+23°59’16.71″5h09m
M 8 (Lagoon Nebula)6.0019h55m0h04m+18°43’22.79″4h12m
M 328.0819h55m6h44m+84°02’00.05″17h32m
M 287.6620h19m0h25m+18°14’37.84″4h31m
M 6 (Butterfly Cluster)4.2020h25m23h40m+10°51’59.27″2h56m
M 22 (Great Sagittarius Cluster)5.1020h25m0h37m+19°12’45.73″4h48m
M 15 (Pegasus Cluster)6.3020h32m3h30m+55°19’40.54″10h29m
M 7 (Ptolemy’s Cluster)3.3021h00m23h54m+8°21’23.11″2h48m
M 698.3121h16m0h32m+10°48’10.61″3h47m
M 547.7021h26m0h55m+12°40’19.24″4h25m
M 709.0621h28m0h43m+10°51’53.32″3h59m
M 26.3021h33m3h34m+42°20’44.23″9h35m
M 759.1821h44m2h06m+21°14’09.28″6h29m
M 729.2021h44m2h54m+30°37’36.94″8h03m
M 738.9021h50m2h59m+30°32’11.42″8h09m
M 55 (Specter Cluster)7.4222h14m1h40m+12°12’45.84″5h06m
M 33 (Triangulum Galaxy)5.7222h50m7h35m+73°49’35.84″16h20m
M 30 (Jellyfish Cluster)7.7023h25m3h41m+20°01’05.26″7h57m
On 15 July 2022 – Source: Stellarium.org

Galaxies

NameMag.RiseTransitElev.Set
NGC 1479.506h34m+88°17’40.35″
NGC 1859.206h40m+88°27’45.99″
NGC 24038.9013h36m+71°24’04.35″
M 81 (Bode’s Galaxy)6.9415h55m+67°59’42.31″
M 82 (Cigar Galaxy)8.4115h55m+67°22’51.59″
M 1068.4118h18m+89°38’54.76″
NGC 4449 (The Box Galaxy)9.4018h27m+87°00’35.07″
M 51 (Whirlpool Galaxy)8.1019h29m+89°38’38.64″
M 101 (Pinwheel Galaxy)7.8620h02m+82°42’03.97″
M 102 (Spindle Galaxy)9.8921h05m+81°15’54.77″
NGC 6946 (Fireworks Galaxy)9.602h34m+76°43’18.18″
IC 10 (Starburst Galaxy)9.506h21m+77°31’58.41″
IC 342 (Maffei 1 Group)9.109h49m+68°47’12.14″
M 74 (Phantom Galaxy)9.390h22m7h38m+58°57’23.27″14h54m
IC 16139.210h52m7h06m+45°18’14.53″13h20m
M 63 (Sunflower Galaxy)8.597h59m19h15m+84°57’13.97″6h31m
M 94 (Croc’s Eye Galaxy)8.248h01m18h50m+84°02’39.60″5h38m
NGC 4244 (Silver Needle Galaxy)10.008h24m18h16m+80°44’00.56″4h09m
NGC 4631 (Whale Galaxy)9.199h43m18h41m+75°28’18.90″3h39m
M 8510.0010h58m18h24m+61°07’36.55″1h51m
M 100 (Blowdryer Galaxy)9.3511h07m18h22m+58°45’32.57″1h37m
M 64 (Black Eye Galaxy)8.5211h10m18h56m+64°37’09.51″2h41m
M 909.5411h34m18h36m+56°06’05.28″1h38m
M 609.8011h48m18h43m+54°29’32.96″1h37m
NGC 7331 (Deer Lick Group)9.4819h20m4h38m+77°35’08.69″13h55m
M 1108.0719h29m6h41m+84°51’08.92″17h54m
M 31 (Andromeda Galaxy)3.4419h45m6h44m+84°26’10.66″17h43m
M 328.0819h55m6h44m+84°02’00.05″17h32m
NGC 6822 (Barnard’s Galaxy)8.1020h46m1h45m+28°20’19.92″6h44m
M 33 (Triangulum Galaxy)5.7222h50m7h35m+73°49’35.84″16h20m
On 15 July 2022 – Source: Stellarium.org

Sources:

In-the-Sky.org
Keller Hans-Ulrich, Kosmos Himmels-Jahr 2022
Stellarium.org