Dear Stargazer Friends,

I hope you have been well. The Astronomical Calendar November 2021 is now ready with plenty of fascinating events to observe this month – as always, weather permitting. 

On 18/19 November 2021 a Partial Lunar Eclipse will darken the Moon. Best location to see the entirety of this eclipse is North America. From Western Europe, the penumbra will be visible for a short time before the Moon sets on 19 November.

Comet C/2021 A1 (Leonard) is currently visible in the constellation of Ursa Majoris. Best to be observed now until early December. After that it will become unobservable (from Switzerland). In addition, Asteroid Ceres will appear close to the star Aldebaran in the constellation of Taurus on 5 and 6 November 2021 (look East in the evening). 

Planet Mercury is now visible in the early mornings while Venus is observable for a short moment in the evening twilight. Jupiter and Saturn are still observable, as well as Uranus and Neptune. If you have a true horizon, watch out for Mars who will become a morning Planet starting 13 November.

Some beautiful Open Star Clusters are now observable in the evening such as the Hyades in Taurus and of course the Pleiades. Later in the night, the Beehive Cluster (below Sirius). You’ll find more exhaustive lists of interesting celestial objects below.

I hope you’ll enjoy the journey and please come back for the December issue.

Clear skies and best wishes!

Orion Nebula M 42 – picture by Isabel Streit 2021

Meteor showers in November (and December) 2021

The Leonids will reach maximum peak on 18 November – unfortunately, this will be around Full Moon:

ShowerActivity PeriodMaximumRadiant
DateS. L.R.A.Dec.
Leonids (LEO)Nov 03-Dec 02Nov 18236.0°10:16+21.6°
Geminids (GEM)Nov 13-Dec 22Dec 14262°507:36+32.2°
Source: American Meteor Society,Major Meteor Showers 2021

Moon phases November 2021

New Moon04 November, 22:14
First Quarter11 November, 13:45
Full Moon (Micro Full Moon & Partial lunar eclipse)19 November, 09:57
Third Quarter27 November, 13:27
Times are local time for Bern, Switzerland

Moon conjunctions with Planets

3 November: The waning crescent Moon will be visible for a short time before sunrise near Mercury on the east-southeastern horizon. As far as I am aware, an ISS pass is scheduled to be visible in this area of the sky – check at around 06:20 (Switzerland).

7 November evening twilight: look for the Crescent Moon appearing close to Venus (SW).

Crescent Moon appearing near Venus on 7 November 2021. Image source:

10 – 11 November: Moon appears to pass near Saturn and Jupiter.

Partial Lunar Eclipse on 19 November

On 19 November (overnight on 18 November 2021 for North America), a partial lunar eclipse will darken the moon. Best location to see the entirety of the eclipse (up to 97%) is North America. From Western Europe, the Penumbral Lunar Eclipse (local type; Moon moves through the faint, outer part of Earth’s shadow, the penumbra) will be visible for a short time before the Moon sets. Here are the times for Bern, Switzerland:

Local Type: Penumbral Lunar Eclipse
Begins: 19 November 2021, 07:02
Maximum: 19 November 2021, 07:32 -0.648 Mag
Ends: 19 November 2021, 07:36Duration: 34 minutes

Check your local time on timeanddate


Ephemeris for C/2021 A1 (Leonard)

Comet C/2021 A1 (Leonard) is currently visible in the constellation of Ursa Majoris. Best time to observe it is from now till early December when it will become unobservable (from Switzerland)


Watch out for 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko in the constellation of Gemini – it will peak at mag 8.3 on 8 November 2021.

C/2019 L3 (ATLAS) – mag 10.3 in the constellation of Lynx (will peak on 6 Jan 2022)

4P/Faye – mag 10.5 in the Constellation of Monoceros (will peak at mag 10.4 on 11 November 2021


Asteroid Ceres in Taurus

Asteroid Ceres will appear close to Aldebaran in Taurus on 5 and 6 November 2021.

Asteroid Ceres near Aldebaran in Taurus; look East 5 and 6 November 2021


For local times go to

Mercury (Constellation of Virgo) observable until 6 November for a very short time in the early morning hours before sunrise.

Venus is currently in the constellation of Ophiuchus and will move into Sagittarius on 3 November 2021. On 1 November, becomes visible at around 17:36 and until 18:03 10° above the south-western horizon. On 30 November, it will be visible from 17:07 until 18:15.

Mars is currently not observable from Bern, Switzerland. If you live in a country with a true horizon, look at the east-southeastern horizon as morning twilights begins starting 13 November.

Jupiter is visible all month in the constellation of Capricornus – although the best period to observe it will be over on 15 November.

Saturn appears in the constellation of Capricorn and is observable all month.

Uranus is observable in the constellation of Aries – mag around 5.7 (all night).

Neptune is observable all month in the Constellation of Aquarius and visible all month (first part of the night).

Bright (Double) Stars



M 31 (Andromeda Galaxy)3.4410h34m21h33m+84°24’48.59″8h31m
M 33 (Triangulum Galaxy)5.7213h39m22h24m+73°48’51.54″7h09m
M 81 (Bode’s Galaxy)6.946h48m+67°59’24.84″
M 101 (Pinwheel Galaxy)7.8610h55m+82°41’02.72″
M 1108.0710h18m21h30m+84°49’42.32″8h42m
M 328.0810h44m21h33m+84°00’42.08″8h21m
M 51 (Whirlpool Galaxy)8.1010h22m+89°25’07.08″
M 82 (Cigar Galaxy)8.416h48m+67°22’34.37″
M 1068.419h11m+89°26’53.97″

Clusters of Galaxies

Abell 77911.5021h02m6h11m+76°43’06.07″15h20m
Abell 194 (Cetus Cluster)11.6016h17m22h16m+41°48’35.50″4h15m
Abell 56911.804h01m+88°21’03.67″

Open Star clusters

C 41 (Hyades)0.5018h02m1h18m+58°58’36.19″8h33m
Cr 70 (Orion Belt Cluster)0.6020h27m2h26m+42°00’01.69″8h26m
M 45 (Pleiades)1.2016h37m0h38m+67°14’32.59″8h38m
Cr 39 (α Per Cluster)1.200h17m+88°04’25.13″
LDN 9622.0017h51m+88°36’44.38″
NGC 1980 (The Lost Jewel of Orion)2.5020h47m2h26m+37°10’20.56″8h05m
Cr 1212.6023h38m3h45m+18°26’24.33″7h52m
Cr 69 (Orion Cluster)2.8019h38m2h26m+53°01’08.25″9h14m
Cr 653.0019h01m2h16m+58°46’49.84″9h31m
M 44 (Beehive Cluster)3.1021h57m5h32m+62°38’55.16″13h06m
IC 1396 (Elephant’s Trunk Nebula)3.5018h28m+79°21’33.59″
NGC 869 (Double Cluster)3.8023h10m+79°42’34.60″
NGC 884 (Double Cluster)3.8023h13m+79°42’48.47″
NGC 2232 (Double Wedge Cluster)3.9021h34m3h18m+38°18’04.27″9h02m
NGC 2264 (Christmas Tree Cluster)3.9020h44m3h32m+52°56’18.05″10h19m

Bright nebulae

M 45 (Pleiades)1.2016h37m0h38m+67°14’32.56″8h38m
Ced 451.7019h44m2h16m+49°26’32.58″8h48m
Ced 55r (Orion Loop Nebula)1.9120h23m2h36m+45°07’08.52″8h49m
Ced 176a2.326h33m16h58m+82°54’17.06″3h23m
Ced 176b2.327h25m18h02m+83°30’44.06″4h39m
vdB 232.8716h38m0h38m+67°13’49.17″8h38m
IC 1396 (Elephant’s Trunk Nebula)3.5018h28m+79°21’33.59″
vdB 1563.628h02m19h51m+85°28’23.81″7h40m
vdB 203.7116h35m0h35m+67°14’22.76″8h36m
Ced 19o (Atlas Nebula)3.8016h40m0h40m+67°10’53.33″8h40m
NGC 1432 (Maia Nebula)3.8816h36m0h37m+67°19’32.90″8h37m
Ced 18b3.9415h37m0h35m+75°24’27.72″9h32m
M 42 (Great Orion Nebula)4.0020h45m2h26m+37°41’45.32″8h07m
NGC 7000 (North America Nebula)4.0017h48m+87°26’46.97″
NGC 1435 (Merope Nebula)4.1816h37m0h37m+67°01’33.25″8h36m
vdB 144.230h20m+76°56’15.49″
vdB 304.301h46m+70°34’35.59″
Ced 19e4.3716h33m0h36m+67°36’27.10″8h38m
Ced 954.400h04m4h09m+18°05’45.94″8h14m
IC 4484.4820h49m3h25m+50°20’53.72″10h01m
vdB 1514.498h39m19h03m+82°51’51.52″5h28m
vdB 494.5020h08m2h30m+47°12’01.05″8h52m
vdB 154.580h20m+77°58’39.14″
Ced 84a4.6820h52m3h31m+51°12’12.65″10h11m
Ced 84c4.6820h49m3h36m+52°49’16.08″10h23m
Ced 1004.800h04m4h21m+20°01’36.11″8h37m
Ced 1774.827h15m16h58m+79°57’29.93″2h41m
vdB 1344.9517h19m+87°54’22.45″
LDN 11215.0018h30m+78°34’51.28″
Ced 19p5.1816h39m0h40m+67°16’52.34″8h40m
Ced 1995.1919h01m+77°24’51.26″
Ced 995.2023h24m4h16m+26°50’43.32″9h07m
Ced 275.2716h35m0h57m+70°44’10.64″9h20m
vdB 955.3822h43m3h57m+31°45’02.07″9h12m
Ced 19c5.4316h34m0h35m+67°25’30.97″8h37m
vdB 1285.637h56m16h53m+75°19’59.57″1h50m
IC 50765.6917h45m+89°23’01.17″
vdB 385.7719h32m2h13m+51°23’08.40″8h53m
Ced 19h5.8516h33m0h36m+67°41’20.74″8h40m
vdB 95.9623h43m+67°58’23.18″
IC 405 (Flaming Star Nebula)6.0016h52m2h08m+77°27’28.99″11h24m
vdB 106.000h07m+79°43’52.10″
vdB 1446.0018h30m+81°58’26.12″
Ced 826.0620h57m3h28m+49°10’47.26″9h59m
vdB 1336.197h36m17h20m+80°03’30.69″3h04m
Ced 856.2021h01m3h33m+49°23’58.45″10h05m
Ced 89d6.2022h39m3h57m+32°23’31.78″9h14m
Ced 89e6.2022h41m4h00m+32°41’54.87″9h19m
Ced 1806.308h35m18h20m+80°11’00.28″4h06m
vdB 1406.4118h06m+78°15’27.99″
NGC 1555 (Hind’s Variable Nebula)6.5017h38m1h13m+62°38’46.78″8h47m
IC 1805 (Heart Nebula)6.5023h23m+75°23’53.69″
vdB 76.5023h40m+67°13’36.70″
vdB 296.5017h02m1h39m+72°52’03.03″10h17m
NGC 7023 (Iris Nebula)6.8017h50m+68°42’19.41″
vdB 316.8017h03m1h47m+73°38’30.15″10h30m
Ced 476.8119h20m2h20m+55°38’44.75″9h19m
IC 2177 (Seagull Nebula)6.9722h37m3h55m+32°35’23.57″9h14m
IC 4326.9820h34m2h32m+41°34’27.79″8h29m
NGC 6960 (Filamentary Nebula)7.008h50m17h35m+73°50’24.54″2h20m
NGC 6992 (East Veil Nebula)7.008h52m17h45m+74°52’41.54″2h39m
vdB 127.0015h24m0h17m+74°49’54.41″9h09m
NGC 68237.108h37m16h32m+66°24’31.84″0h27m
Ced 89a7.1022h41m3h54m+31°29’56.68″9h08m
Ced 9b7.1123h44m+76°23’28.20″
NGC 7380 (The Wizard Nebula)7.2019h37m+78°41’59.60″
IC 5146 (Cocoon Nebula)7.2018h43m+89°26’45.08″
vdB 267.2018h15m1h04m+53°19’52.55″7h53m
vdB 887.2022h38m3h53m+31°44’46.12″9h07m
NGC 2409 (Firsse 213)7.3023h36m4h22m+25°50’47.48″9h09m
IC 348 (ο Per Cloud)7.3015h39m0h35m+75°17’12.52″9h32m
IC 4347.3020h38m2h31m+40°34’55.30″8h25m
NGC 6888 (Crescent Nebula)7.406h59m17h01m+81°28’08.93″3h03m
vdB 1457.4018h33m+87°56’12.58″
vdB 487.4620h25m2h29m+42°53’51.42″8h32m
IC 4447.5019h14m3h10m+66°21’45.29″11h05m
vdB 257.5017h06m1h03m+66°41’19.12″9h00m
vdB 187.5814h28m0h26m+81°08’28.31″10h23m
IC 4317.6720h33m2h31m+41°37’07.75″8h29m
C 9 (Cave Nebula)7.7019h47m+74°21’28.26″
Ced 917.7022h30m3h56m+34°19’27.54″9h23m
Ced 2077.7019h46m+74°05’57.77″
vdB 477.8018h35m2h30m+66°23’37.68″10h25m
vdB 1367.806h00m17h27m+85°11’34.78″4h54m
vdB 1577.8019h51m+64°06’29.90″
NGC 20237.8220h38m2h32m+40°49’00.94″8h27m
NGC 1909 (Witch Head Nebula)8.0020h22m1h52m+35°12’22.59″7h23m

Supernova remnants

NGC 6960 (Filamentary Nebula)7.008h50m17h35m+73°50’24.48″2h20m
NGC 6992 (East Veil Nebula)7.008h52m17h45m+74°52’41.51″2h39m
M 1 (Crab Nebula)8.4018h37m2h25m+65°05’16.46″10h13m

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